Medicine is that discipline of study that branched into treatments for many ailments of humans, elves, dwarves, and the other intellgent races of Caelereth. In a sense, this is one practical use for scholarly study - that is, finding direct applications for nature lore and herbalism in alleviating bodily ailments. Herbal preparations are classified in this instance according to their effects.

Introduction. The quintessence of health is healthy living. Proper diet is essential, since we are composed of the stuff we consume. Much has been written on this subject: As early as 28 a.S., the noteworthy Eyelian religious leader/healer Wai'enea'isthir Be’allouf described "Koy'antan'askiwit", or "inner working in balance". He reflected that, as the world was formed from chaos, and needed a balance of the right elements to take shape, so too our bodies came from our mothers, without shape, and were formed by providing the right balance of elements. As this elemental balance must be kept in order to prevent the inner workings from reflecting the external chaos of the world, we take in those foods which provide us the neutral balance of elements.

Thus, it is advised to eat enriching foods which maintain the neutral balance of the elemental composition of the body. Bread and grains, being leavened foods, fulfill the Wind requirement. Cheese and milk are derived from a mother animal's milk, and these provide the Water requirements. Meat and fish impart the fire from their veins, which meets the Fire requisite. And, fruits and vegetables are the bounties of the earth, thus they provide the Earth requirement. Brewed or distilled spirits in moderation can also benefit the body, putting fire into the blood and water on the brain, but in excess they can wreak havoc on the natural balance.

Another concept of health is regimen, the vital balance of exercise and sleep. This ancient wisdom has been revisited many times, one notable instance coming from Miyphór'thyrón of the Aellenrhim, in her scholarly letter written in 1489 a.S. to seer Damari Amisys. An excerpt from this letter reads:

"...were it better that we should regale
the sun with our bodies' splendor,
our vitality drinking of the broad noonday sun,
our muscles rebuilt anew, a-la!
Or t'were better we should rest,
and let slumber this agonized structure,
give rest to sinews much stress'd,
our flesh and vigor again renew'd."

Exercise and sunlight are how we maintain our bodies strong and vigorous; our muscles, heart, and mind all benefit when we put them to use. As we shape our muscles, we shape the earth our bodies are sculpted from. If our flesh and bone are the Earth element for the anvil, then sunlight is the Fire that lights the furnace to create and reshape our bodies, clean air is the Wind in the bellows which stokes the furnace, and Water cools and hardens the newly-shaped body.

To complement our exercise, we must also get plenty of sleep. Sleep is the healing Water which replenishes the blood and cools the daily reforged muscles. Darkness and quiet are the Wind which brings tranquility, dreams, and philosophical brilliance, quieting the Fire of the daytime. Without these, our muscles tire, our hearts ache, and our minds go sallow. Whereas exercise builds up our strength, sleep cools us down so that we do not burn up our vital essence.

Cleanliness and avoidance of disease are universal needs in order to remain healthy. People are advised to avoid coming in contact with one who is stricken with a disease or plague, as contagion may spread from one person to another through bad air or open wounds. Clean air purges bad air, thus one who is ill may do well to be exposed to open air and allow the contagion to leach out of them. Obvious exceptions do exist, as in the cases of plague or consumptive cough. Washing our hands before we eat is advisable, especially for those who work with dirty animals.
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Disciplines of Medicine. In the following we have collected the various medicinal disciplines and provide a short introduction. You can access further details by clicking at captions or the illustrations associated with the entry..

Antivenins, Antidotes and Allergy Remedies

This chapter of herbal remedies assays the antivenins, directed against natural toxins from animals or insects, and antidotes, which shield against manufactured toxins derived from any source: animal, vegetable, or mineral. These are typically preparations which flush a toxin from the body or render it harmless.

The gnomes observed that some people suffer from irritation of the nose, air passages, skin and eyes brought on by substances in the environment. These substances vary from one person to another, and may include pollen, dust, pipe smoke, wool, and so on. When an irritating substance is taken away, the person’s condition improves. ‘Al’erjia’, the gnomish word for an itch, is adapted to the Tharian ‘allergy’ to describe this itching of the eyes, nose, throat, and skin. There are various preparations used to remedy the itching, though the irritation may come back if the offending substance returns.
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Fever Reducers and Purifiers

This chapter of herbal remedies surveys fever-reducing agents, which cool the body’s warring constituents, and purifiers, which aid in ridding the body of corrupting spirits. One must take note that fever reducers only lower a fever, but do not rid the body of what caused the fever - contagion, convulsions, and so on. Some purifiers, in doing their job of ridding the body of miasma/harmful spirits, actually produce fever, which may prove fatal by itself.
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 Date of last edit 9th Rising Sun 1667 a.S.

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