pronunciation varies somewhat between individual dialects, but in general the
language distinguishes 21 consonant sounds and eight vowel sounds. Due to some
of these sounds being rare or nonexistent in Tharian, speakers of Tharian often
find Styrásh difficult to pronounce. Some of these
sounds have alternative spellings, usually a result of sounds that were once
distinct but have since merged. Some dialects might still maintain some of
these older distinctions. Below is a list of the sounds, as well as rough
descriptions of how they are usually pronounced. Alternative spellings are also
included where any are known to exist.
The 21 consonant sounds of Styrásh are presented in
the following table:
In addition, one might also find x and qu in
Styrásh writings, but they represent sequences
involving the above consonants, rather than distinct sounds.
The letter x represents the consonant cluster ks, much as it does when it
occurs at the end of Tharian words, such as “six”. Unlike Tharian, however, it
retains this pronunciation even in the beginning or middle of a word, so, for
example, xeúa would be pronounced “kseua”, without any silent letters.
The sequence qu is used to represent the consonant cluster kw. This is similar
to how it is used in Tharian, in words such as “queen”.
Vowels. The eight vowel sounds of Styrásh
are presented in the following table:
In some dialects, ae is treated not as a
distinct sound, but a variant of e.
In ancient times, Styrásh also had long vowels, which
were marked with a circumflex accent. However, very few remain, found mostly in
old words, such as the name of the ancient Elven empire of
Fá'áv'cál'âr. Occasionally, one also
finds doubled vowels in Styrásh, such as in soór
“vivid, active”. These are not long vowels, but two separate instances of the
same sound. Thus, soór is pronounced so-or, with two syllables that each have
an o vowel, rather than a single syllable with a long o.
However, such doubled vowels may not be produced as a result of the conjugation
of declension of a word. In situations where they would normally produce
doubled vowels, one of the vowels is deleted instead. Thus, for example, one
might expect the plural dative form of krói "war" to be kroiiám, but it is
instead kroiám, as an i has been deleted.
Stress. In Styrásh, stressed syllables
are marked with an acute accent over the vowel. However, as stress is usually
predictable, individual writers do not always mark it, unless a word has
irregular stress, or if the intended audience is unfamiliar with the language.
Most of the time, stress falls on the final syllable of a word. The main
exception is when the vowels of the final two syllables are adjacent to each
other, in which case the penultimate syllable is stressed instead. In compound
words, which occur frequently in Styrásh, the first
syllable of the word is stressed as well.
26th Dead Tree
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