Styrásh pronunciation varies somewhat between individual dialects, but in general the language distinguishes 21 consonant sounds and eight vowel sounds. Due to some of these sounds being rare or nonexistent in Tharian, speakers of Tharian often find Styrásh difficult to pronounce. Some of these sounds have alternative spellings, usually a result of sounds that were once distinct but have since merged. Some dialects might still maintain some of these older distinctions. Below is a list of the sounds, as well as rough descriptions of how they are usually pronounced. Alternative spellings are also included where any are known to exist.

Consonants. The 21 consonant sounds of Styrásh are presented in the following table:

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Sound Pronunciation


Same as Tharian, e.g. "book"

Pronounced as in “chair”, never a “k” sound as in “charisma” or a “sh” sound as in “chemise”
d Same as Tharian, e.g, "dog"
f (ph) Same as Tharian, e.g, "fire"
g A "hard g" as in "get", never a "soft g" as in "gentle"
h Usually pronounced as in "hat" .When occuring at the end of a syllable, pronounced in a harsher and more guttural manner, like the "ch" in some pronunciations of "loch".
j Pronounced similar to the "s" in "pleasure", never like a Tharian "j"
jh Pronounced similar to Tharian "y" in words like "yell"
k (c, kh) Same as Tharian, e.g, "keep"
l Same as Tharian, e.g, "leap"
m Same as Tharian, e.g, "make"
n Same as Tharian, e.g, "new"
p Same as Tharian, e.g, "pot"
r (rh) A "rolled r" sound not commonly found in Tharian
s Same as Tharian, eg "sail"
sh Same as Tharian, e.g, "shut"
t Same as Tharian, e.g, "talk"
th Same as Tharian, e.g, "thin"
v Same as Tharian, e.g, "vain"
w Same as Tharian, e.g, "wait"
z Same as Tharian, e.g, "zero"

In addition, one might also find x and qu in Styrásh writings, but they represent sequences involving the above consonants, rather than distinct sounds.

The letter x represents the consonant cluster ks, much as it does when it occurs at the end of Tharian words, such as “six”. Unlike Tharian, however, it retains this pronunciation even in the beginning or middle of a word, so, for example, xeúa would be pronounced “kseua”, without any silent letters.

The sequence qu is used to represent the consonant cluster kw. This is similar to how it is used in Tharian, in words such as “queen”.
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Vowels. The eight vowel sounds of Styrásh are presented in the following table:

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Sound Pronunciation


An "ah" sound, as in "dark"

ae Approximately the "a" sound in "bad".
e Approximately the "e" sound in "bed"
è A sound that does not occur in Tharian. Pronounced similar to e, but with lips rounded like when pronouncing u or o.
i Approximately the "ee" sound in "keep"
o Approximately the "o" sound in "or"
u Approximately the "oo" sound in "book"
y A sound that does not occur in Tharian. Pronounced similar to i, but with lips rounded like when pronouncing u or o.

In some dialects, ae is treated not as a distinct sound, but a variant of e.

In ancient times, Styrásh also had long vowels, which were marked with a circumflex accent. However, very few remain, found mostly in old words, such as the name of the ancient Elven empire of Fá'áv'cál'âr. Occasionally, one also finds doubled vowels in Styrásh, such as in soór “vivid, active”. These are not long vowels, but two separate instances of the same sound. Thus, soór is pronounced so-or, with two syllables that each have an o vowel, rather than a single syllable with a long o.

However, such doubled vowels may not be produced as a result of the conjugation of declension of a word. In situations where they would normally produce doubled vowels, one of the vowels is deleted instead. Thus, for example, one might expect the plural dative form of krói "war" to be kroiiám, but it is instead kroiám, as an i has been deleted.
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Stress. In Styrásh, stressed syllables are marked with an acute accent over the vowel. However, as stress is usually predictable, individual writers do not always mark it, unless a word has irregular stress, or if the intended audience is unfamiliar with the language.

Most of the time, stress falls on the final syllable of a word. The main exception is when the vowels of the final two syllables are adjacent to each other, in which case the penultimate syllable is stressed instead. In compound words, which occur frequently in Styrásh, the first syllable of the word is stressed as well.
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 Date of last edit 26th Dead Tree 1671 a.S.

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